Pest Control Exterminators in Port St Lucie,
Stuart & Palm City
Get back to enjoying the outdoors
Green Pest Services offers mosquito control Services in St Lucie, Martin, and Indian River County so our neighbors on The Treasure Coast can get back to enjoying the outdoors. A major reason over 300,000 people move to Florida every year is for our warm weather. Unfortunately, pests like the warm weather too, especially mosquitoes. Green Pest Services has solutions for your biting insect problems. Using a variety of control methods, can dramatically reduce the mosquito population in and around your property.
Beneficial Fungi – Beauveria bassiana strain GHA is a naturally occurring fungus found in the soil. We use this fungus in the mosquito traps we install on our client’s property. The fungus is present on a screen inside the In2Care trap that is negatively charged. Through the process of flapping their wings, mosquitoes that enter the trap will have a positive charge. This causes the fungus spores within the trap to attract and stick to the mosquitoes that enter. The fungus then begins to grow on the waxy exoskeleton of the mosquito. This eventually kills the adult mosquito but not immediately. This is the genius of the In2Care system. Mosquitoes that have entered the trap will spread the active ingredients around to other breeding sites of other mosquitoes before they die. In this way, mosquitoes that have never entered the trap, and may not even be on the treated property, will still be affected by In2Care’s active ingredients.
Beneficial Bacterial – Bacillus thuringiensis subspecies israelensis Strain
Bacillus thuringiensis is a bacteria that naturally occurs in the soil and is even found in the gut of some beneficial pollinator insects such as butterflies. For the mosquitoes, however, it is toxic. Infection of mosquito larvae with this species of bacteria will cause the mosquito to quit eating and eventually die.
Green Pest Services will apply this product to areas of standing water and other breeding sites for mosquitoes, such as bird feeders.
This bacteria if found naturally in the soil and is very safe for use around people and animals – including birds and fish – as well as other sensitive areas such as vegetable gardens.
In2Care traps use a larvicide called Pyriproxyfen. Pyriproxyfen is a class of pesticides called Insect Growth Regulators (IGR). This category of pesticide mimic hormones found in juvenile insects. They have virtually no impact on adult insects. IGRs are among the lowest risk pesticides on the market with the active ingredient in In2Care approved for use on drinking water by the WHO in efforts to prevent the spread of malaria.
As part of our mosquito control program Green Pest Services will mist areas around the home and yard where mosquitoes like to harbor. These areas include thick vegetation, raised decks, and any area that provides them with protection from wind and sunlight. The products used for misting are IGRs like those found in the In2Care traps as well as a synthetic pyrethroid. Pyrethroids are a class of chemical derived from the chrysanthemum plant. They are among the most widely used and studied pesticides on the market. They are generally broadly labeled because they break down quickly in the environment compared to other classes of insecticide.
The Value of Mosquito Control
Aside from dramatic improvements in your outdoor experience, mosquito control can help to prevent the spread of disease. No animal has killed more humans in history than mosquitoes. To this day, mosquitoes kill about twice as many people annually (750,000) as the next most deadly animal on earth, other humans (430,000).
Most deaths attributed to mosquitoes are a result of their spreading of malaria. Malaria has largely been eradicated in the developed world; however other mosquito-borne diseases still persist.
Zika Virus – symptoms are typically mild but this disease is a particular concern for pregnant women as Zika can sometimes cause a disease called microcephaly. Microcephaly is a condition where a child is born with an unusually small head because the brain has not developed properly.
West Nile Virus – the leading mosquito borne illness in the U.S. West Nile Virus is typically mild for most people, but around 1 in 150 infected develop severe illness and sometimes death.
Chikungunya Virus – headache, fever, joint swelling and joint pain are the most common symptoms. Chikungunya disease can sometimes cause chronic symptoms long after the infection itself has passed. Most typically chronic joint pain. Though it is believed to have first evolved around 1700, the first case of transmission in the Americas was not documented until 2013. Within 1 year, there had been over 1 million infections in the Western Hemisphere.
Dengue – Similar symptoms to the other mosquito borne diseases though sever cases of Dengue can cause potential deadly hemorrhaging. Nearly 400 million people each year are infected with the Dengue Virus and around 22,000 people will die from severe infection.
Why are mosquitoes such a problem in South Florida?
Setting aside the obvious, Florida’s year-round warm weather, there are several other factors that make The Treasure Coast and South Florida a breeding ground for mosquitoes.
The topography of South Florida – The physical characteristics of St Lucie and Martin County make an ideal place for breeding mosquitoes. Depressional marshes, flatwood ponds, shrub bogs, dome swamps, basin swamps, and wet prairies are all common topographic features in Florida and particularly along the Treasure Coast. Pictured here is an area in Palm City just south of the intersection of Becker Road and Port St Lucie Blvd https://firstname.lastname@example.org,-80.37549347,10.67510142a,1266.51367997d,35y,0h,0t,0r you can see the wetland areas that look like pockmarks on the land. These low-lying areas, formed by the soft limestone underlying the Florida peninsula, are idea breeding grounds for mosquitoes that must lay their eggs in still standing water.
Seasonal Rains – Though Port St Lucie and Stuart technically fall into the Köppen cfa Humid Subtropical Climate, they lie just north of the am Monsoon classification that begins around Jupiter, FL and extends down to Miami and the Keys. The main difference between these classifications is the monsoon climate has a less pronounced dry season than Humid Subtropical. Nevertheless, mosquitoes in both climates thrive and reproduce year-round.
The History of Mosquito Control in South Florida
“Florida, sir, is not worth buying. It is a land of swamps, of quagmires, of frogs and alligators and mosquitoes! A man, sir, would not immigrate into Florida. No, sir! No man would immigrate into Florida, no, not from hell itself!” – Rep John Randolph of Virginia (1845)
“I would not trade one foot of Michigan or Ohio for one square mile of Florida swamp” – President Zachary Taylor
“…as of now, a waste of waters, fit only for the resort of reptiles…” – US Army General William Harney
Needless to say, but the TripAdvisor reviews for Florida in the mid nineteenth century would have been pretty brutal. For much of Florida’s early history, it was a largely uninhabitable place. A refuge for outlaws, runaway slaves, and native Americans resisting forced relocation to reservations. It was a difficult existence for many reasons, not least of which were the mosquitoes and the diseases they carried. In no small part because of mosquitoes, Florida remained a largely backwater state until after Word War 2. Their threat to health and quality of life helped lead to the formation of the American Mosquito Control Association in 1935. In 1948 in held its first annual meeting in in Fort Pierce, Florida. The AMCA helps communities and government agencies with mosquitoes control programs and contributed significantly to mosquito control in Florida in the mid-20th century.
Turning the Tide of Battle Against Mosquitoes
Two important technologies gained widespread adoption in Florida beginning in the late 1940 and were key factors in making the Sunshine State a more habitable place. First, the creation of modern pesticides allowed some control of mosquitoes in cities and towns. In many urban and suburban areas elimination of breeding sites is limited because of the need for drainage with Florida’s mostly flat landscape. The adoption of insecticides by municipalities made living in Florida more palatable and undoubtably saved lives.
The second great leap forward in the battle against mosquitoes was the invention and widescale adaptation of air conditioning. While air conditioning itself does nothing to control mosquito populations, it does allow for escape from the nuisance and dangers of mosquitoes. Following the wide spread adoption of indoor climate control in Florida, moved from a serious quality of life issue to something more along the lines of an occasional nuisance. population doubled between 1930 and 1980